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Effective Management of Seasonal Employees: A Guide for New York Employers

Managing seasonal employees becomes crucial as businesses gear up for the busy summer season. From compliance with complex state and federal employment regulations to performance management, various aspects must be considered to ensure a productive and harmonious workplace throughout the summer months.

The Basics

Seasonal employees in New York are subject to the same regulations as other employees. This includes eligibility for sick leave, disability, workers' compensation, and potentially, New York State (NYS) Paid Family Leave (PFL). Employers must note that seasonal employees who won't work for 26 consecutive weeks (for full-time) or 175 days for part-time can opt out of PFL by signing a waiver. Understanding these requirements ensures that the employer and the employee are protected.

Payroll and compensation are other key areas to address. According to federal and state regulations, seasonal employees must be compensated for any overtime work, and employers should maintain accurate records of hours worked and wages paid. Proper documentation helps in compliance with labor laws and resolving any payroll disputes. Additionally, seasonal employees are subject to the same tax withholding rules as regular employees, and employers must ensure that all necessary tax forms are completed accurately and income is reported properly.


Effective onboarding is vital for integrating seasonal employees seamlessly. Ensuring that all new hire paperwork, especially the I-9 documents, is completed promptly is crucial. Employers should also set clear policy expectations from the start. Clearly communicating what is expected of seasonal employees during their tenure helps avoid confusion and sets a clear framework for their roles and responsibilities.

It’s also beneficial to focus on cultural fit and integration. Including seasonal employees in team-building activities can foster a cohesive work environment, making them feel valued and part of the team. Pairing them with mentors or more experienced staff members can provide the guidance and support needed for them to thrive.

Safety and Health Concerns

Maintaining a safe work environment is paramount, particularly with seasonal employees who might not be as familiar with workplace protocols. Providing thorough training on safety and health standards relevant to their roles is essential. Ensuring that all seasonal employees are aware of and adhere to these standards not only helps in preventing workplace accidents but also reduces liability risks for employers.


When hiring minors as seasonal employees, employers must comply with specific regulations. This includes ensuring that minors have the correct working papers on file. Additionally, employers must adhere to hour and duty restrictions imposed by state laws to ensure the safety and well-being of underage workers. Violations of these regulations can lead to significant penalties.

Structured Offboarding

As the season ends, understanding the nuances of offboarding becomes important. Seasonal employees may be eligible for unemployment benefits if they are let go due to a lack of work. Employers should prepare to handle claims accordingly, as they might bear some liability for unemployment benefits. A structured offboarding process helps both parties conclude their contractual relationship on a clear and mutual understanding. Conducting exit interviews can provide valuable insights for future staffing strategies and help maintain a pool of reliable workers for rehire.

Additional Considerations

Effective management of seasonal employees also involves addressing several other considerations. Employers should ensure compliance with health insurance requirements under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) if seasonal employees work more than 30 hours a week on average. Clear communication about eligibility for any benefits, such as vacation time or bonuses, should be included in the offer letter.

Regular check-ins and performance reviews can help seasonal employees stay on track and feel supported. Employers should also have a contingency plan in place for unexpected absences or high turnover. Cross-training employees can ensure coverage and continuity, while making sure seasonal employees are familiar with emergency procedures enhances workplace safety.


Managing seasonal employees effectively requires adherence to both federal and state regulations, precise onboarding and offboarding processes, and a commitment to workplace safety, especially for minors. Payroll, tax obligations, and performance management are crucial elements to address. Employers who navigate these aspects well can greatly benefit from the contributions of seasonal workers while ensuring compliance and reducing potential liabilities. HR Foundations from HR One can help your business navigate these complexities with comprehensive support, ensuring that your seasonal hiring process is as smooth and effective as possible

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